Rohingya Vision

Myanmar military press-gangs Rohingya into forced labour

A victim of forced labour displays the scars on his shoulder. Army units in Myanmar state still routinely force Rohingya to work for them. Photo: Reuters

Myanmar military press-gangs Rohingya into forced labour
July 03
12:32 2015

Buthidaung: In the fertile river valleys near Myanmar’s border with Bangladesh, persecuted Rohingya​ Muslims say there is no let-up in soldiers forcing them into hard labour, despite the government launching a campaign three years ago to end the practice.

The military, which ruled the former Burma for nearly half a century before handing power to a semi-civilian government in 2011, has vowed to end forced labour. President Thein Sein, a former general, promised in 2012 to eradicate what was once a military custom within three years.

But army units in the north of Myanmar’s restive Arakan (Rakhine) state still routinely force minority Rohingya to porter loads, tend military-owned fields and maintain military infrastructure, according to interviews with 16 villagers in three hamlets.

Evidence of ongoing forced labour could complicate Myanmar’s efforts to convince the United States to drop sanctions introduced during military rule.

The northern borderlands of Arakan (Rakhine) are closed to foreigners, and access by UN agencies and humanitarian organizations is tightly controlled by the government.

Too afraid to give his name: Army units in the north of Myanmar’s restive Arakan (Rakhine) State still routinely force minority Rohingya to work.

In the area, villagers described cases in which two local units – Light Infantry Battalion 552 and Light Infantry Battalion 352 – pressed scores of villagers into work in recent months, sometimes accompanied by beatings or threats of violence.

Myanmar’s military did not respond to questions on forced labour and the central government spokesman, Ye Htut, declined to comment.

Maung Maung Ohn, the chief minister of Arakan (Rakhine)​ state, denied that the military carried out forced labour there.

“If forced labour was really happening in Arakan (Rakhine​) state, we would have already heard about it and taken action,” Maung Maung Ohn said.

But the villagers said the practice was widespread. They spoke on condition that they only to be identified by their first names, and that the names of their hamlets not be mentioned, out of fear of retribution by the army.

Rohingya teenager Sadek said he was walking along a dusty village street in early May when a soldier grabbed him by the collar and, wordlessly, dragged him away.Along with 31 other men and boys, Sadek said he was loaded up with heavy sacks of rice and ordered by soldiers of 552 Battalion to march for two days through forest-covered hills with little food and water – and no pay. Some who resisted were beaten.

“By the end of it, I felt like I was going to die,” the 15-year-old said, adding he was released after some days.

Sadek’s story was backed by five other villagers who said they were dragooned into becoming porters with him.

Behind forced labour in Arakan (Rakhine​) State is a cocktail of military impunity, racism, and a system that encourages local army units to be economically self-reliant, said Chris Lewa, head of the Arakan Project, a rights group that focuses on the Rohingya.

The Arakan Project has received information on up to 8,000 Rohingya, including hundreds of children, forced to work in 2014, Ms Lewa said. The military was the overwhelming perpetrator.

“Anyone can take advantage of Rohingya. The authorities treat them as beasts of burden, as slaves,” she said.

Forced labour has actually diminished in much of Arakan (Rakhine)​ State where police or civilian agencies are in control, but persists in border areas like Buthidaung​ township in Akyab (Rakhine)​, which is dotted with military bases, she said.

Forced labour is in turn helping fuel an exodus of Rohingya that has seen more than 100,000 people flee the state in the last three years on often-deadly boat journeys with human traffickers, said Matthew Smith, executive director of Fortify Rights.

“Part of the reason people are getting on boats is because of abuses like this,” he said.

In two of the hamlets, villagers complained of recruitment by both 552 Battalion and 352 Battalion for work maintaining military bases and ploughing, planting and harvesting military-owned fields. Some work was unpaid, while in other areas wages up to 1000 kyat ($1) per day, were given along with rice.

In one village near the base of 352 Battalion, the villagers said they were obliged to send five men per day to work for the unit.

In early June, two village leaders were detained overnight at the base after objecting to the arrangement, said one of the detained men, Noor, 42.

“Some villagers say ‘don’t send anyone.’ But we really can’t deny the army,” he said.

Note:Changes have been made,Reuters is not responsible for these.




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