Myanmar should close bleak camps where tens of thousands of displaced Rohingya Muslims have been trapped for nearly five years, according to a commission led by former United Nations chief Kofi Annan.
More than 120,000 Rohingya have languished in internally displaced people (IDP) camps since they were driven from their homes after a wave of inter-religious violence engulfed western Rakhine State in 2012.
Most are not allowed to leave the camps, where they live in piecemeal shelters with little access to food, and denied access to basic education and healthcare.
“It’s really about time they close the camps and allow people, particularly those who have gone through the (citizenship) verification process, access to freedom of movement and all rights of citizenship,” Annan told the Reuters news agency by telephone.
Myanmar’s de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi last year appointed Annan to head a commission tasked with healing long-simmering divisions between Buddhists and Muslims in Rakhine.
“The commission calls for a plan to close all IDP camps in Rakhine state,” Ghassan Salame, a member of the body, told reporters at the launch of the body’s interim report on Thursday.
The report also called for the government to ensure “security and livelihood opportunities at the site of return/relocation” for those leaving the camps, including by building new houses.
Residents complain of a system of checkpoints in parts of Rakhine state and widespread extortion by officials at roadblocks.
Myanmar has long faced international condemnation for its treatment of its Rohingya Muslim minority, with the issue reaching boiling point in recent months after the army launched a bloody crackdown in the north of Rakhine following a number of deadly attacks on several police border posts in October.
UN investigators who interviewed escapees in Bangladesh have accused Myanmar’s security forces of responding with a campaign of murder, gang rape and arson that may amount to genocide.
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