Are They Terrorists?

ZYA
By ZYA October 17, 2016 14:12

Are They Terrorists?

By Aman Ullah

On Oct. 9, as many as 500 to 800 people armed with knives, slingshots and a small collection of firearms launched three separate, coordinated attacks on border police bases in northern Rakhine State, near Myanmar’s border with Bangladesh. Nine police officers and eight attackers were killed, and at least 50 weapons and 10,000 rounds of ammunition were looted. There have been several deadly clashes since, as the security forces attempt to capture the attackers and retrieve the arms cache, with at least 22 further casualties on both sides.

According to the press release from the Presidential Office, regarding the attacks on the Border Guard Police posts in Maungdaw Township, dated 13th October 2016, “On the morning of 9th October 2016, armed attackers carried out a surprise attack on Kyikanpyin Border Guard Police (Number One) Headquarters, Kotankauk Police Outpost, and Ngakhuya Local Police Office. As a result of this attack, 9 members of the Myanmar Police Force were killed, and 48 weapons of various types and 6624 rounds of assorted ammunition, 47 bayonets, and 164 magazines were lost. Following the defensive actions of the police, the bodies of 8 attackers were found, and 2 attackers were captured alive. From them, 1 homemade pistol, 2 rounds of ammunition, and 1 magazine were recovered”

“The armed attackers, with the weapons and ammunition they had seized, continued to move around the Maungdaw District and carry out attacks. Tatmadaw infantry units together with members of the Myanmar Police Force have carried out joint combat operations against the attackers. Joint columns of Tatmadaw and police have conducted clearance operations in the areas where the attackers are hiding. During these operations they have had frequently come into armed contact with the attackers. So far, five members of the Tatmadaw have given their lives.”

It further states that, “The attacks in Maungdaw were carried out by the Aqa Mul Mujahidin led by Hafiz Tutar (45) of Kyaukpyinseik village in Maungdaw Township’ who was previously attended a six-month Taliban training course in Pakistan. He can speak Myanmar, Bengali, Arakanese, Malay and Pakistani languages fluently. He mobilized about 400 youths in the Maungdaw area to launch attacks on 6 separate locations but succeeded on only 3 locations: Kyikanpyin, Kotankauk, and Ngakhuya. He had instructed that after attacking the bases, the attackers should murder the members of the police, take their weapons and equipment, and use those weapons in further attacks on nearby Tatmadaw and police bases.”

In that press release, it is also mentioned that, “According to the initial findings of the interrogations of the two attackers who were captured and two additional attackers whom Bangladesh handed over to Myanmar, the attacks in Maungdaw Township were systematically planned in advance over a long period of time, assisted by foreign funding and the support of members of foreign terrorist organizations…. they received significant financial support from extremist individuals in some Middle Eastern countries. This funding was not provided by particular organizations, but was provided secretly through contacts between individuals… receiving foreign funding (from those originally from Maungdaw but now in the Middle East); attending terrorist training courses (delivered by the Taliban in Pakistan, and RSO in Bangladesh); and using religion to mobilize extremist youth in Maungdaw. ”

We can summarize that: –
1. On the morning of 9th October 2016, armed attackers carried out a surprise attack on Kyikanpyin Border Guard Police (Number One) Headquarters, Kotankauk Police Outpost, and Ngakhuya Local Police Office.
2. As a result of this attack, 9 members of the Myanmar Police Force were killed, and 48 weapons of various types and 6624 rounds of assorted ammunition, 47 bayonets, and 164 magazines were lost.
3. These attackers are from Maungdaw area led by a local youth who get some training from Pakistan.
4. Tatmadaw infantry units together with members of the Myanmar Police Force have carried out joint combat operations against the attackers. Joint columns of Tatmadaw and police have conducted clearance operations in the areas where the attackers are hiding.
5. During these operations they have had frequently come into armed contact with the attackers. So far, five members of the Tatmadaw have given their lives.
6. The attacks in Maungdaw Township were systematically planned in advance over a long period of time, assisted by foreign funding and the support of members of foreign terrorist organizations.
7. They received significant financial support from extremist individuals in some Middle Eastern countries. This funding was not provided by particular organizations, but was provided secretly through contacts between individuals, particularly from those originally from Maungdaw but now in the Middle East.

Thus, it is clear that it was an attack by the local people numbering about 400, targeting Border Guard Police post, where they were able to take some arms and ammunition and killed some police personals without causalities of any civilian or non combatant. After the attack, they only targets are army or police not civilians or non-combatants. They did not harm or kill or try to attack any civilians or any non-Muslims. They did not burn or destroy or disrespect to any religious persons or institution at all. When the attack were occurred there were thousands of non-Muslim peoples there including nearly 2,000 Buddhist teachers staffing 183 government schools in Maungdaw and 217 schools in Bu-thidaung townships, but all were safe and later they were airlifted out back to Maungdaw town and then to their homes all over the Yakhine State.

On October 14, a video clip was appeared in the social media with the declarations of the attackers, which is as follow: –
“Peace Be Upon the World Community Citizens of Arakan, Citizens of Myanmar and Citizens of the World.

It is no longer a secret that the Rohingyas are the most persecuted ethnic minority on earth. Throughout the last 6 decades, we have been subjected to genocidal mass-killings; and all kinds of atrocities in the hands of the successive Burmese tyrannical regimes.

The world has chosen to ignore us! Then again the resourceful world has apparently failed to save us!

We, sons of Arakan soil who are compelled by our dire situation to make our own destiny through uprising, self-determination in self-defense.

We stand as an independent body which is free from all elements of terror in any nature but seeks fundamental but legitimate rights and justice for all ARAKANESE including our innocent Rohingyas and OTHER civilians dying from the continuous military assaults.
We categorically state that our people have chosen to free themselves from oppressors, from the tragic deaths in the Bay of Bengal, in the Thai Jungles and in the hands of the human traffickers, we are also resolved to defend our mothers, sisters, elder persons, children and ourselves.

We shall not rest until all desired goals are achieved with the genuine help from the civilized world.

The followings are our demands
1. Restore Rohingya ethnic rights coupled with former citizenship and unconditionally restore our ancestors’ historical ethnic identity ” Rohingya”
2. Immediately release our people from the IDP camps and allow them to return to their places of origin in their villages inside Arakan state and their houses rebuilt at the government’s costs.
3. Return all Rohingya movable and immovable properties and lands which were unlawfully confiscated to be given to the Bangladeshi Rakhines who were resettled inside Arakan under the government’s program.
4. Repeal 1982 citizenship law or equally apply the same law on all Myanmar citizens under an international observation mechanism.
5. Compensate Rohingya IDP detainees by rebuilding houses and all destroyed places of worship at the government’s costs with a note of apology from the present democratic government of Myanmar led by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.
6. Cease immediately all military offensives against all other ethnic groups of Myanmar.
7. Prevent all kinds of religion-oriented persecutions and act against the Buddhist extremists who spread hatred among the peace-loving citizens of Myanmar which has laws but seriously lacks “enforcement of rule of law”
We need international investigation and intervention to stop Rohingya Genocide, guarantee our rights and act according to Responsibility to Protect (R2P); and help us in our “Faithful Movement.”
Peace be upon you again

In above declaration of them they clearly tell that, “Throughout the last 6 decades, we have been subjected to genocidal mass-killings; and all kinds of atrocities in the hands of the successive Burmese tyrannical regimes… We are compelled by our dire situation to make our own destiny through uprising, self-determination in self-defense. Our is an independent body, free from all elements of terror in any nature but seeks fundamental but legitimate rights and justice for all ARAKANESE including our innocent Rohingyas and OTHER civilians dying from the continuous military assaults.We categorically state that our people have chosen to free themselves from oppressors, from the tragic deaths in the Bay of Bengal, in the Thai Jungles and in the hands of the human traffickers, we are also resolved to defend our mothers, sisters, elder persons, children and ourselves. ”

However, several Rakhine organizations and media including state media termed the attack as terrorist attack and to them as terrorists. Even in the Press Release of the Presidential Office also termed them that, “The attacks were systematically planned and prepared over a long period of time with the support and assistance of foreign terrorist organizations and supporters of terrorism. These attacks were an attempt to attack and destroy the security of the nation, and the lives, property and security of the citizens of the country. We will take effective action to defend against, respond to and defeat all armed violent attacks and attempted attacks, in accordance with the Constitution, the anti-terrorism law, and other existing laws relating to security and defense.”

In November 2004, a Secretary-General of the United Nations report described terrorism as any act “intended to cause death or serious bodily harm to civilians or non-combatants with the purpose of intimidating a population or compelling a government or an international organization to do or abstain from doing any act”
In case of Maungdaw attacks, the attackers neither cause death or serious bodily harm to civilians nor non-combatants. Rather they only intended or act to the combatants, the police, the military personals and their establishments. How one can term them as terrorists.

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ZYA
By ZYA October 17, 2016 14:12

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